News & Events

News

May 19, 2016 | UW Today
A team of roboticists including ME assistant professor Sawyer Fuller have developed a flying, insect sized robot, nicknamed the RoboBee, which can perch on surfaces like wood or leaves using static electricity. The amount of energy required to perch is 1000 times less than that required to hover, so this breakthrough could dramatically extend the fight time of these tiny drones.
May 17, 2016 | UW Today
ME assistant professor Nicholas Boechler and UW engineers have, for the first time, analyzed interactions between microscale granular crystals. Granular materials resonate into complex patterns when forces are applied to them. Microscale granular crystals have significantly different reactions to forces than better-understood macroscale particles. Understanding how microscale granular crystals self-assemble in response to forces could enable faster and less expensive ways to manufacture microstructed materials like spacecraft shielding.
May 13, 2016 | UW Today
MSE associate professor Xiaodong Xu and colleagues have developed a promising approach to increasing optoelectronic efficiency. The key to making efficient light-captured energetics possible is to coax one photon into stimulating multiple electrons. Xu directed photons towards a "superlattice" of graphene sandwiched between two layers of boron-nitride. The superlattice creates regions of huge electron density, where one energized photon can transfer its energy to as many as five electrons. According to collaborator Sanfeng Wu, “Graphene is a tiger with great potential for optoelectronics, but locked in a cage. The singularities in this superlattice are a key to unlocking that cage and releasing graphene’s potential for light harvesting application.”
May 13, 2016 | UW Today
Sharks, skates, and rays use networks of electrosensory organs to detect the weak electrical fields produced by prey and other animals. MSE affiliate associate professor Marco Rolandi and collaborating researchers determined that a proton-conducting material found in the jelly of these organs may explain how electrical signals are transmitted from surface pores to electrosensory cells.
May 11, 2016 | UW Today
Three Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative grants were awarded to UW engineering research projects by the U.S. Department of Defense. UW Electrical Engineering professor Radha Poovendran leads an effort to develop novel defenses against cyberattacks. Materials Science & Engineering assistant professor Peter Pauzauskie's team has unveiled an approach to cooling liquids using laser light. And Alberto Aliseda, associate professor in Mechanical Engineering, is part of a team addressing problems in controlling fluid sprays.
May 11, 2016 | UW Today
UW computer engineers collaborated with Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon researchers to give a piece of paper sensing capabilities. The paper can respond to gesture commands and connect to the digital world. The method relies on small radio frequency (RFID) tags that are stuck on, printed or drawn onto the paper to create interactive, lightweight interfaces that can do anything from controlling music using a paper baton, to live polling in a classroom.
May 9, 2016 | UW Today
UW engineers have built a 5-fingered robot hand that learns dexterous manipulation on its own, rather than having its actions programmed. Intricate tasks like rolling, pivoting, bending, and sensing friction are notoriously difficult for robots. Now, engineers in the UW Movement Control Laboratory have built a robot hand that can perform dexterous manipulation and learn from its own experience without needing human direction.
May 5, 2016 | UW Today
Giving young children a two-minute warning that screen time is about to end makes transitions away from tablets, phones, televisions and other devices more painful. A new study from HCDE's Alexis Hiniker asked families with children aged 1 to 5 to document what circumstances make transitions away from "screen time" smoother or more prone to cause tantrums.
May 3, 2016 | UW Today
SpiroCall enables patients to measure lung function over a phone call from all types of phones, not just smartphones. "We wanted to be able to measure lung function on any type of phone you might encounter around the world — smartphones, dumb phones, landlines, pay phones," said Shwetak Patel, Washington Research Foundation Endowed Professor of Computer Science & Engineering and Electrical Engineering at the UW. "With SpiroCall, you can call a 1-800 number, blow into the phone and use the telephone network to test your lung function."
May 3, 2016 | UW Civil & Environmental Engineering

CEE professor Julian Marshall will co-lead the Center for Air, Climate and Energy Solutions, a new collaboration between more than 25 U.S. researchers to explore which pollutants are most damaging to people’s health and to detect current levels and sources of pollution. The center will provide guidance to the EPA on how air pollution emissions and concentrations are anticipated to change in the future and will evaluate strategies for reducing air pollution.

The center is funded by a $10 million Air, Climate and Energy (ACE) grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to help address the nation’s pressing need for better air quality.

April 27, 2016 | UW Today
Children with cerebral palsy may undergo invasive surgeries — lengthening tendons, rotating bones, transferring muscles to new locations — in hopes of improving their ability to walk or move. But not all children see improvement after those operations. Kat Steele, an assistant professor in Mechanical Engineering, has collaborated to develop a new quantitative assessment of motor control in children with cerebral palsy called Walk-DMC, which could help predict which patients are — or are not — likely to benefit from such aggressive treatment.
April 21, 2016 | UW BioEngineering
Senior Krittika D’Silva, a BioE and CSE double major, has received a Gates Cambridge Scholarship for postgraduate study at the University of Cambridge in the UK. D'Silva will pursue a Ph.D. in computer science, working with Professor Cecilia Mascolo on improving ways mobile technology can be used in developing countries. "Hardware and software paradigms often presume a highly connected Western environment," Krittika says. Cambridge Gates Scholars demonstrate outstanding intellectual ability, leadership potential and strong academic qualifications. The scholarship was established in October 2000 with a $210 million donation from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to the University of Cambridge to build a network of future leaders committed to improving the lives of others.
April 18, 2016 | UW Today

The new MSTI degree is the first U.S.-based program offered through the Global Innovation Exchange (GIX). Students will work on real-world challenges with faculty experts and industry professionals in a project-based, globally-focused learning environment.

GIX is a partnership between the UW — three engineering programs and the business, information and law schools — and Tsinghua University in China, with foundational support from Microsoft.

April 15, 2016 | UW Today
The "SignAloud" gloves developed by UW sophomores Thomas Pryor (A&A) and Navid Azodi (Bus. Admin.) translate American Sign Language into speech and text. "Many of the sign language translation devices already out there are not practical for everyday use. Some use video input, while others have sensors that cover the user’s entire arm or body, says Pryor, an undergraduate researcher in the Composite Structures Laboratory and software lead for the Husky Robotics Team." Their invention won them a $10,000 Lemelson-MIT Student Prize, a nationwide search for the most inventive undergraduate and graduate students.
April 14, 2016 | UW Today
A team of UW engineering and Microsoft researchers has detailed one of the first complete systems to encode, store — and retrieve — digital data using DNA molecules, which can store information millions of times more compactly than current archival technologies. Authors of the paper are UW doctoral students James Bornholt (CSE) and Randolph Lopez (BioE ), UW associate professors Luis Ceze (CSE) and Georg Seelig (EE, CSE), and Microsoft researchers and UW CSE affiliate faculty Doug Carmean and Karin Strauss.
April 14, 2016 | UW Today
The secrets of the internal, genetically encoded compass that the monarchs use to determine the direction they should fly each fall have been revealed by a research team that includes assistant professor Eli Shlizerman (EE, Math). "Their compass integrates two pieces of information — the time of day and the sun's position on the horizon — to find the southerly direction," said Shlizerman, who partnered with colleagues at the University of Michigan and the University of Massachusetts to model how the monarch’s compass is organized within its brain.
April 8, 2016 | UW Today

A research team led by Radha Poovendran has won a $7.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Defense to better model and mount defenses against stealthy, continuous computer hacking attacks known as "advanced persistent threats."

"... these threats exploit vulnerabilities and persist over a very long time and they're very difficult to detect," said Poovendran, chair of UW Electrical Engineering and director of the Network Security Lab, which he founded in 2001. "Right now, there is no good understanding of the interactions in these complex cyberattacks or how to mitigate them."

The MURI team also includes UW co-investigator and electrical engineering associate professor Maryam Fazel.

Read more: EE News | U.S. DOD announcement | GeekWire article

April 6, 2016 | UW Today

Rajesh Rao is among 3 UW professors and 178 U.S. and Canadian scholars, artists, and scientists recognized this year by the Guggenheim Foundation.

Rao is the director of the Center for Sensorimotor Neural Engineering, a professor of computer science & engineering, and an adjunct professor in the electrical engineering and bioengineering departments. His research spans the areas of computational neuroscience, artificial intelligence, and brain-computer interfacing. With his collaborators, he has proposed theories of how the brain might work based on computational ideas such as predictive coding, Bayesian modeling and reinforcement learning. He has proposed new methods for robotic learning based on how children learn by watching and imitating others. Rao's group was the first to demonstrate direct brain control of a humanoid robot in 2006 and direct brain-to-brain communication between humans in 2013.

Read more: Guggenheim Fellowship » | UW CSE announcement

April 5, 2016 | UW Today

The UW has joined NextFlex, a consortium of 30 academic institutions and industrial partners to develop the next generation of flexible electronic devices. In addition to use of NextFlex’s Silicon Valley infrastructure and funding, the UW and its industry partners could combine funds, personnel, time, materials and facilities. Prof. J. Devin MacKenzie (ME, MSE, CEI) helped secure funding for NextFlex. As a founding member of this alliance, the UW will seek local and regional partners in the electronics and manufacturing industries to develop and produce flexible electronics for applications from medicine to transportation.

April 4, 2016 | UW Today
HCDE's emCOMP lab has found that tweets from "official accounts" can slow the spread of rumors on Twitter and correct misinformation that’s taken on a life of its own. "Avoiding social media channels because you don't want to be confronted with misinformation is a real danger for an organization. You're essentially opening up a space for information to be spreading without your voice being a part of it." – Kate Starbird, UW assistant professor of human-centered design and engineering
March 29, 2016 | UW Faculty and Staff News
Three engineering faculty will be honored for achievements in teaching and mentoring at the 2016 Awards of Excellence. Joe P. Mahoney (CEE), will receive the Distinguished Contributions to Lifelong Learning Award. Wendy Thomas (BioE) and Cole DeForest (ChemE) will receive Distinguished Teaching Awards. They will honored, along with other faculty and staff awardees, on June 9 at a ceremony in Meany Hall for the campus and general public.
March 15, 2016 | UW Today

Mobile and wearable devices are shrinking to the size of a matchbook, making it tough for people to interact with screens. FingerIO tracks fine-grained finger movements by turning a smartphone or smartwatch into an active sonar system using the device’s own microphones and speakers.

In a paper

to be presented in May at the Association for Computing Machinery’s CHI 2016 conference, the UW team demonstrates that FingerIO can accurately track two-dimensional finger movements to within 8mm, which is sufficiently accurate to interact with today’s mobile devices. The work was recognized with an honorable mention award by the conference. Rajalakshmi Nandakumar, a UW doctoral student in computer science and engineering, is the lead author.
March 8, 2016 | UW Today

Put your phone away when I’m talking to you. Don’t text while you’re driving — not even at red lights. Stop posting photos of me without my permission.

A new study from Human Centered Design   Engineering Ph.D. student Alexis Hiniker, HCDE Professor Julie Kientz, and University of Michigan Professor Sarita Schoenebeck looks at the increasing prevalence of technology use in family life. In a survey of parent-child pairs across the United States, the team discovered what types of internet and smartphone rules families are establishing, and how easy or difficult the rules are for both parents and children to follow.

More news: New York Times story | KING5-TV video

February 29, 2016 | UW Today

UW civil and environmental engineers helped Pakistani water managers access free NASA satellite data to monitor groundwater changes in Pakistan's vast farmland areas, where setting up a traditional monitoring network had taken nearly eight years in one province alone.

"Satellites up in space looking at how much water we have underground, in rivers or in the atmosphere are providing routine observations that can help policymakers and on-the-ground managers make informed decisions," said Faisal Hossain, UW associate professor of civil and environmental engineering. "From offering improved flood forecasting to indicating areas where groundwater resources are threatened, freely available satellite data can be an invaluable resource, particularly in developing countries." Hossain runs the UW Sustainability, Satellites, Water and Environment Research Group.

February 29, 2016 | UW Today

HCDE researchers found doctors lack the tools and capacity to interpret a deluge of fitness, food and lifestyle data that patients are self-tracking. In a study that won a best paper award and will be presented at the ACM conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, the UW team surveyed 211 patients and interviewed 21 doctors, dietitians and other health care providers about their expectations for how patients' self-tracking data should be shared and used.

"We've heard doctors say more and more that people bring this data into the clinic and they’re just overwhelmed by it," said lead author Christina Chung, a UW doctoral student in Human Centered Design & Engineering. The team, which includes UW physicians, computer scientists and engineers, is exploring ways to make self-tracking data more clinically useful and to help health care providers and patients collaboratively engage with it.

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